Davidson, K.M. (1995) Diagnosis of depression in alcohol dependence: changes in prevalence
with drinking status.British Journal of Psychiatry, 166, 199-204
Conclusions It is suggested that depression is largely associated with the episode
of drinking which led to admission in patients who are dependent on alcohol and may
be due to the effect of chronic alcohol intoxication. Socio-demographic and alcohol
related characteristics appear to bear little relation to the presence of depression.
Clinicians exercise appropriate judgement in not prescribing antidepressant treatments
to patients whose depression may remit with abstinence from alcohol.
Michael, A., Mirza, S., Mirza K.A.H., et al (1995) Morbid Jealousy in Alcoholism.
British Journal of Psychiatry,167, 668-672.
Conclusions Alcoholism appears to have an aetiological role in the development of
morbid jealousy. Detecting morbid jealousy when it is expressed only under the influence
of alcohol has preventative implications.
Post, F. (1996) Verbal Creativity, Depression and Alcoholism An Investigation of
One Hundred American and British Writers. British Journal of Psychiatry, 168, 545-555.
Conclusions A hypothesis is developed, which links the greater frequency of affective
illnesses and alcoholism in playwrights and prose writers, in comparison with poets,
to differences in the nature and intensity of their emotional imagination. This hypothesis
could be tested by clinical psychologists collaborating with experts in literature
on random samples of different kinds of writers.
Cook, C.C.H., Palsson, G., Turner, A., et al (1996) A Genetic Linkage Study of the
D2 Dopamine Receptor Locus in Heavy Drinking and Alcoholism. British Journal of Psychiatry,
Conclusions The results do not support the linkage between the DRD2 locus and alcoholism
in most of the families studied. It remains possible that this locus influences the
predisposition to alcoholism in some families.
Roy, A. (1996) Aetiology of secondary depression in male alcoholics. British Journal
of Psychiatry,169, 753-757.
Conclusion Having recent life events, particularly events with negative impact,
and a family history of depression are risk factors for secondary depression in alcoholics.
Pelc, I., Verbanck, P., Le Bon, O., et al. (1997) Efficacy and safety of acamprosate
in the treatment of detoxified alcohol-dependent patients A 90-day placebo-controlled
dose-finding study. British Journal of Psychiatry, 171, 73-77.
Conclusion This study confirms that acamprosate could be an interesting adjuvant
for maintaining abstinence in detoxified alcoholics.
Howard, L., Fahy, T. (1997) Liver transplantation for alcoholic liver disease – Editorial.
British Journal of Psychiatry, 171, 497-500.
Liu, S., Cheng, T.A., (1998) Alcohol use disorders among the Yami aborigines in Taiwan
An inter-ethnic comparison. British Journal of Psychiatry, 172, 168-174
Conclusions The lower prevalences of AUDs in Yami than in other aboriginal groups
in Taiwan might be explained by social isolation of the former, and differences in
drinking tradition, availability of alcohol, biological vulnerability, and the extent
of acculturation between these groups.
Lingford-Hughes, A.R, Acton, P.D., Gacinovic, S., et al (1998) Reduced levels of
GABA-benzodiazepine receptor in alcohol dependency in the absence of grey matter
atrophy. British Journal of Psychiatry, 173, 116-122.
Conclusions Alcohol dependency is associated with reduced GABA-benzodiazepine receptor
levels in the absence of grey matter atrophy in some cortical regions, such as within
the parietal lobe. Regional variability of reduction in GABA-benzodiazepine receptors
demonstrates that alcohol does not have a global, toxic effect on the brain.
Nutt, D. (1999) Alcohol and the brain Pharmacological insights for psychiatrists.
British Journal of Psychiatry, 175, 114-119.
Conclusions An understanding of pharmacology of alcohol use may lead to greater ability
to treat psychiatric consequences of alcoholism, and may also prevent some of the
secondary psychiatric comorbidity and later brain damage.
Haynes, J.C., Farrell, M., Singleton, N., et al (2005) Alcohol consumption as a risk
factor for anxiety and depression Results from the longitudinal follow-up of the
National Psychiatric Morbidity Survey.British Journal of Psychiatry, 187, 544-551.
Conclusions Excessive alcohol consumption was not associated with the onset of anxiety
and depression but abstinence was associated with a lower risk. Sub-threshold symptoms
were weakly associated with new-onset alcohol dependence.
Babor, T.F. (2008) Tackling alcohol misuse in the UK Higher alcohol taxes and restricting
availability are essential. British Medical Journal, 336, 455,
Parker, A.J.R., Marshall, E.J., Ball, D.M. (2008) Diagnosis and management of alcohol
use disorders. British Medical Journal, 336, 496-501.
Groves, T. (2008) Half bottle or half cut? Views and Reviews. British Medical Journal,
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