BJPsych Articles:

Obrocki, J., Buchert, R., Vaterlein, R., et al (1999) Ecstasy – long-term effects on the human central nervous system revealed by positron emission tomography. British Journal of Psychiatry, 175, 186-188.

Conclusions The results suggest the possibility that ecstasy use has lasting effects on central neuronal activity in humans.


Semple, D.M., Ebmeir, K.P., Glabus, M.F., et al (1999) Reduced in vivo binding to the serotonin transporter in the cerebral cortex of MDMA (‘ecstasy’) users. British Journal of Psychiatry, 175, 63-69.

Conclusions This cross-sectional association study provides suggestive evidence for specific, at least temporary, serotonergic neurotoxicity of MDMA in humans.


A research monograph on ecstasy

Degenhardt, L., and Hall, W. (eds) (2010). The health and psychological effects of “ecstasy” (MDMA use). National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre. University of New South Wales, Sydney. NDARC Monograph No. 62.


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